Instructions for authors

The Editorial Board recommends following the instructions for authors that are based on the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals that were developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

§1. The study submitted should be conducted following the ethic and legal norms. Manuscripts should contain a statement that the studies on human subjects were approved by the Ethic Board and were conducted according to the ethic standards of the Helsinki Declaration. It should be stated in “Materials and methods” section that informed consents of the subjects included into the study were obtained. Details that could identify the patients should be excluded. Experimental studies on animals should conform to the international and national normative acts of requirements to treating laboratory animals.

§2. Researchers should guarantee that their studies are honest, clear, accurate and complete. They should not admit a selective or ambiguous description of facts that could mislead the readers. Studies should present a qualitative and careful piece of work.

§3.The manuscript should include an original material. It must not contain any plagiarism or be previously published. The manuscript must not be submitted to several journals at a time.

§4. New results should be presented in the context of previous studies. Studies of other researchers should be reflected properly. Authors should not refer to the works they are not acquainted with. Citations and references should be accurate and follow the norms of State Standard 7.0.5.-2008 “Bibliographical reference”. Unpublished works, dissertation theses, conference abstracts or scientific reports should not be included into references. References to the international meetings the materials of which are free in the Internet are possible.

§5. Researchers should describe the methods of the study in the most accurate and explicit manner so that they can be reproduced by other researchers to confirm the results. All significant results that are important for understanding should be stated. Suitable methods of analysis and data presentation should be used. Statistical findings should be supported by the packet of statistical analysis used for processing of results. Measurement units are given according to the International system of units CI. The terms used should correspond to the international nomenclature and the names of diseases to the International classification of diseases.

§6. Authors must present detailed and reliable study results in the section “Results” and interpret their own opinions by comparing them with the results of other studies in the “Discussion”. Conclusions on the study must be complete, balanced and include the statements that do not depend on the fact whether the authors support or do not support the hypothesis and their interpretation of the study.

§7. Authors should inform the Editorial Board in case they detect errors in the study which has been submitted, accepted or published. Authors should cooperate with the editors if correction or reduction of the manuscript is required.

§8. Authorship of the study should accurately reflect the contribution of authors to its performance and description. Responsibility for proper authorship lies fully on the authors that act in accordance of the rules accepted in their institution. Authors bear a collective responsibility for their work and contents of their manuscript. All the authors should give their consent to inclusion into the team of authors and approve the manuscript submitted for publication. A corresponding author acts as a contact person with the Editorial Board and other authors.

§9. Sources of financial support and possible conflicts of interest should be disclosed.

Types of scientific publications

-        Original articles that include up to 30 references.

-        Case reports – description of clinical cases that are of high practical interest. 

-        New technologies – description of new methods, technical solutions or devices.

-        Reviews on medical problems or analysis of published papers, preferably published in the last 5 years that include up to 60 references.

-        Lectures

-        Articles on the history of medicine

-        Materials for practicing doctors

-        Materials of congresses or conferences

-        Reports of dissertation boards; proceedings of orthopaedic societies or associations

-        Information letters, surveys, discussions, and congratulations

Manuscript structure 

  1. Title

Requirements to Titles

Titles should be informative. Only generally accepted abbreviations must be used. A title in English should not contain any words in other languages except names of persons, objects or devices that are proper names.

  1. Initials and surnames of authors
  2. Structured abstract in IMRAD standard: Introduction; Material and methods; Results; Conclusions. Key words are given after the abstract.

Requirements to abstracts

-       Abstract of approximately 200-250 words must be informative, structured and reflect the main results and conclusions of the study.

-       Abstracts that reflect the structure of the manuscript are welcome.

-       Internationally accepted terms and abbreviations should be used. Abbreviations, except generally accepted, and references should be avoided.

  1. Authors’ information should be placed after the abstract: full names of each of the authors, their occupation and degrees, full name of his/her institution, and his/her е-mail addresses. A corresponding author is defined for contact.
  2. Structure of the manuscript text:

-        Introduction

-        Material and methods

-        Results

-        Discussion

-        Conclusions

-        References

Manuscript text formatting

-        Manuscripts must be typed in MS Word.

-        Number of figures should not exceed 5 simple (10×12 cm in size) or 3 combined (not more than 13×18 cm) ones in TIFF format with resolution of not lower than 300 dpi. Figures are included in the text. Figures must be numbered successfully with Arabic numbers and cited in round brackets in the text. Figure captions must be given in the text under figures. Microphotos should be accompanied by magnification and staining methods used.

-        Tables must have a title and a number. The data of the tables must not be repeated in the text. The table number should be indicated in the text in round brackets. The abbreviations in the tables must be explained in the footnotes to the table, as well as the statistical variability. 

-        Mathematical formulas should be given in Microsoft Word standard and must be carefully checked.

-        References are numbered sequentially as they appear in the text. The reference number in the text is given is square brackets. All the authors are named in the reference. Journals’ names are abbreviated as in MedLine. If the journal is not indexed by MedLine, its full name should be given.


-        Manuscripts are submitted at or by email.

-        Manuscript and a scanned copyright transfer statement are emailed to:


By signing the statement, the author transfers his/her copyright to the journal.

The Editorial board has the right to reject manuscripts that do not follow these instructions.