Analyzing the results of instrumental investigations in women for osteoporosis and arthrosis

Рустамова У.М., Абзалова Г.Р., Умарова Р.Х., Валиева К.Н.

Abstract


Introduction. Osteoporosis is a progressing systemic skeletal disease which is characterized by bone mineral density (BMD) decreasing and bone tissue microarchitectonics disordering. In highly developed countries primary osteoporosis affects up to 40% of women during menopause.
Purpose. To identify the correlation between the degree of skeletal bone mineralization and osteoarthrosis in menopausal women.
Materials and Methods. Ultrasonography and densitometry data studied in patients who were treated as inpatients or addressed as outpatients within the period of 2011-2014.
Results. Two groups of women were taken for the analysis: Group 1 included women (n=168; 60%) with gonarthrosis; Group 2 – those (n=112; 40%) without gonarthrosis. Mean age of the patients – 56 years.
Conclusion. On the basis of the studies performed we came to the conclusion that both ultrasound and densitometric investigations are an essential component of the complex diagnostic examination of women with osteoarthrosis. The knee osteoarthrosis was often combined with BMD decrease and with an inflammatory process in the joint (bursitis, synovitis, Baker cyst et al.).

Keywords


osteoporosis, gonarthrosis, ultrasonography, densitometry

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