Clinical assessment difference between patellar resurfacing and retention groups with grade IV osteoarthritis in total knee arthroplasty

Eshnazarov K., Seon J.K., Song E.K.

Abstract


Introduction. Despite the excellent clinical success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), controversy remains concerning whether or not to resurface the patella. This has led to a number of randomized controlled trials. Randomized controlled trials constitute the most reliable source of evidence for the evaluation of the efficacy of a potential intervention. But most of these studies include all degree of osteoarthritis of the patellofemoral joint. So we did this prospective study to compare clinical and radiological outcomes after TKA with or without patellar resurfacing in patients with grade IV osteoarthritis on patellofemoral joint.
Materials and Methods. 123 cases with Kellgren-Lawrence grade IV osteoarthritis on patellofemoral joint were enrolled for this study. At the operating room, they were randomly assigned to undergo patella resurfacing (62 cases) or patella retention (61 cases). Among them, 114 cases that could be followed for more than 2 years were included in this study (resurfacing group; 59 cases, retention group; 55 cases). Preoperative and postoperative clinical outcomes were evaluated and compared regarding the Hospital for Special Surgery Patellar (HSSP) score (total 100 point; anterior knee pain, functional limitation, tenderness, crepitus, Q-strength). We also compared Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) and WOMAC scores, and range of motion (ROM).
Results. Average HSSP score was 85 in resurfacing group, 83 in retention group, which were showing no significant differences between groups (p=.75). Anterior knee pain subscale also showed no significant differences between groups (40 in resurfacing group, 36 in retention group, p= 0.52). HSS score improved to 94 points in resurfacing group and 95 points in retention group showing no significant difference (p=.92). While WOMAC score and range of motion was 32 point and 128°±10,5° in resurfacing group, respectively, they were 29 point and 126°±11,5° in retention group, without significant inter-group difference (p>.05).
Conclusion. Identical good clinical outcomes were obtained after TKA with or without patellar resurfacing in patients with high grade osteoarthritis of the patellofemoral joint without significant differences. TKA without patellar resurfacing is a good choice in patients with high grade osteoarthritis of the patellofemoral joint.

Keywords


knee osteoarthritis, Total knee arthroplasty, Patella resurfacing

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