Surgical treatment of the femoral head aseptic necrosis in children

Джураев А.М., Рахматуллаев Х.Р., Тилавов Р.Х., Валиева К.Н., Умарова Г.Ш.

Abstract


Relevance. Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head is a serious degenerative-and-dystrophic disease. 30-40% of the hip arthroses in adult patients appear to be a consequence of the diseases not completely treated in childhood such as congenital dislocation of the hip and Perthes disease.
Purpose. To improve the outcomes of surgical treatment of the femoral head aseptic necrosis in children.
Materials and Methods. We performed the study based on the data from 28 children and adolescents with the femoral head aseptic necrosis who were treated in the Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics of SRITO of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan within the period from 2013 to 2014. All the patients underwent surgical tunneling and muscle-pedicle osteoplasty.
Results. A year after the surgery X-rays revealed the significant increase in the head height, homogeneity of the head structure, fragmentation disappearance. Clinically limping was absent, the Trendelenburg symptom was negative at both sides.
Conclusion. Microcirculation restoration in the hip zone achieved by tunnelization, as well as muscle-pedicle osteoplasty provide the possibility of early recovery of limb weight-bearing function.

Keywords


children, aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, Perthes disease, X-ray, diagnosis, surgical treatment

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