Ilizarov method in the treatment of children with periarticular fractures

Korobeinikov A.A., Aranovich A.M., Popkov D.A.

Abstract


Introduction
Periarticular injuries in children include types I and II fractures according to the Salter-Harris classification and metaphyseal fractures. In most cases, conservative treatment is an effective method, but in some cases, surgical treatment, including external fixation, is the method of choice.
Purpose
Discussion of the principles of using the Ilizarov apparatus in the treatment of children with periarticular fractures of various locations, its advantages and disadvantages.
Materials and methods
We present the principles and features of the Ilizarov surgical techniques for treatment of children with periarticular fractures of the distal humerus, femur, radius and tibia.
Discussion
The methods of osteosynthesis for pediatric periarticular fractures imply transphyseal introduction of fixators that have a potential threat of iatrogenic damage to the growth plate in contrast to external fixation which performance implies that transosseous elements do not injure the growth zone, providing stable fixation of bone fragments in combination with early functional recovery of the damaged segment which is a key advantage over other methods.
Conclusion
The use of the Ilizarov apparatus enables to achieve the desired result in the treatment of pediatric periarticular fractures and has a number of advantages over other methods of surgical treatment.

Keywords


children, periarticular fractures, humerus, femur, tibia, radius, Ilizarov method

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18019/1028-4427-2021-27-4-418-423

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