Factors of radial bone strength after marginal defect formation

Aleksandrov N.M., Veshutkin V.D., Zhukov A.E., Veshaev I.D., Kuptsov D.A., Uglev O.I.

Abstract


Purpose
To determine the effect of biometrical parameters of the radial bone and due to edge defect formed on the radius strength properties using calculation methods.
Materials and Methods
The study of bone strength affecting factors was conducted with the aid of experimental and calculation methods. Biometrical parameters were studied in 10 pairs of the human cadaveric radius as an intact bone initially and after the formation of rectangular or triangle-shaped edge cuts. To determine the stress-strain behaviour, mathematical calculations were performed based on the beam flexural theory for isotropic materials. Computation study were conducted using the finite element method with the NX Siemens software package. Based on assumed mathematical models, the actual areas of safe loads in the presence of cuts and values of destructive loads depending on the depth and shape of a cut taking into account the initial curvature of the bone as well as the criteria of a required residual strength in variation of influencing parameters were identified by means of calculations.
Results
It was established that an increase in bone curvature results in the reduction of longitudinal destructive loads and in increasing values of the normal strength. The 0.05 bone curvature combined with the 0.5 cut causes a decrease in the ultimate load by 20 times (up to 4.8 % for a rectangular cut and to 5.4 % for a triangular cut). A 0.5-deep cut in the bone which curvature is 0.05 enhances the normal stress by 6.9 times for a triangular cut and by 7.8 times for a rectangular one as compared to a bone without curvature. The critical values for the curvature and depth of the cut were established which permit to avoid additional bone reinforcement.
Conclusion
The strength of the radius with a maginal defect depends not only on the depth of a cut but on its location, shape and on the radius curvature

Keywords


osteocutaneous radial flap, radial bone defect, radial bone strength, experiment, calculation, computer simulation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18019/1028-4427-2021-27-2-187-198

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