Modern approaches to the treatment of scapholunate interosseous ligament injuries (literature review)

Shershneva O.G., Kirpichev I.V.

Abstract


Introduction
The scapholunate interosseous ligament binds the scaphoid and lunate together, and is the primary stabilising ligament between these two bones. Scapholunate injuries lead to chronic instability and degenerative arthritis of the wrist. Scapholunate injuries are graded based on the acuity and the severity of the injury.
Purpose
The paper is a review of various techniques used to repair or reconstruct the scapholunate ligament according to the clinical manifestations, anatomic and pathologic findings.
Methods
A review of the literature covering this topic is presented.
Results
Conservative treatment is primarily indicated in stable and partial ligament tears. Arthroscopic treatment is used when immobilization is unsuccessful.Arthroscopically assisted scapholunate reduction and K-wire fixation is commonly used for acute injuries. Primary repair of scapholunate injuries are performed in all tear types using an open approach. Surgical indications depend on the severity of the instability, time after trauma and the presence of degenerative changes. Acute repair of scapholunate ligament injuries remains the gold standard as an earlier intervention provides better results. Acute injuries to the scapholunate ligament require two-four weeks before surgery. Within this period the ligament is often still repairable itself both with or without supplementary capsulodesis procedures; ligament reconstruction is generally preferable in patients with chronic injures. There are many arthroscopic techniques to treat chronic scapholunate injures such as scapholunate ligament primary repair using various types of capsulodesis, tendon graft reconstruction, bone-ligament-bone procedure, various intercarpal fusions and proximal row carpectomy, total wrist fusion and arthroplasty.
Conclusion
Early diagnosis and management of scapholunate ligament tears are necessary to preserve wrist functions.

Keywords


wrist, scapholunate ligament, scapholunate ligament injury

Full Text

Galleys

PDF PDF (Русский)


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18019/1028-4427-2020-26-4-593-599

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.