Bleeding Diseases in Orthopedic Clinical Approach

Yildiz K., Yildiz V.

Abstract


Aim
Bleeding diseases are rarely studied as complications of an orthopedic surgical procedure with postsurgical bleeding. This study aims to present a retrospective cohort-study about the approach to bleeding disorders in an ordinary orthopedic clinic.
Material and Methods
344 patients were recorded for our study group between November 2017 and September 2019. These patients were monitored for bleeding disorders, both primary or secondary.
Results
27 (7.84 %) patients with bleeding diseases [1 (0.29 %) patient with VWD, 1 (0.29 %) patient with hemophilia, 1 (0.29 %) patient with ITP, 15 (4.36 %) patients with drug use, 5 (1.45 %) patients with vascular disorders, 4 (1.16 %) patients with herbal agent use] were detected in all traumatic cases which were admitted to our clinic in this time period . These patients were divided in 6 groups. Patient with VWD was Group 1, patient with hemophilia was Group 2, patient with ITP was Group 3, patients with drug use formed Group 4, patients with vascular disorders – Group 5, patients with herbal agent use – Group 6.
Conclusion
We advise to have a careful preoperative control for postsurgical bleeding risks according to three criteria: i) patient anamnesis should be studied carefully (diathesis/hemophilia searching), ii) platelet counts must be checked (twice is guaranteed), iii) coagulation tests [activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT) and International Normalized Ratio (INR)] must be studied.

© Yildiz K., Yildiz V., 2020

Keywords


bleeding diseases/disorders, VWD), ITP, drugs, herbal therapy, varicose veins

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18019/1028-4427-2020-26-2-191-197

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