Vasodilator effect of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) in the conditions of bone tissue formation by the method of discrete traction in congenital segmental pathology

Vykhovanets E.P., Dolganova T.I., Luneva S.N., Borzunov D.Y.

Abstract


The development of the limbs in patients with congenital segmental defects is associated with defects in the vascular system of the same segment. In this case, vascular endothelial growth factors that participate in physiological angiogenesis may have effect on bone tissue formation in ontogenesis and participate in endochondral ossification. In this regard, the aim of the study was to compare the quantitative changes in growth factors (VEGF) and the contractile properties of arterioles under conditions of discrete distraction for congenital pathology of the lower leg bones.
Materials and methods
Subjects of the study were 12 patients with congenital pseudarthrosis of the lower leg (ICD-10 Q 74.0). Their serum was analyzed using an enzyme immunoassay. Microcirculation in the calf skin was examined by laser flowmetry (BLF21, Transonic Systems Inc., USA). We used the findings obtained from the study of blood serum in 103 somatically healthy people for control.
Results
Significant imbalance in serum concentrations of endothelial factors and their receptors was detected in the subjects with congenital pathology. As a result of surgical treatment, the imbalance of secretion of vascular growth factors and their receptors increased. Vasodilator effect in the precapillary vessels in the zone of the operated segment in patients with congenital pathology was not revealed by surgical intervention.

Keywords


endothelial growth factors, bone tissue, congenital segmental pathology, enzyme immunoassay, laser Doppler flowmetry

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