The choice of osteosynthesis technology for unstable clavicle fractures

Minasov B.S., Yakupov S.F., Yakupov R.R., Valeev M.M., Minasov T.B., Bilyalov A.R., Mavlyutov T.R.

Abstract


Background
Review of the effectiveness of different methods used to repair clavicle injury allows for identifying rational aspects of treatment factors that would directly reflect key pathogenetic mechanisms. A greater part of surgical treatment options have been reported to lead to faster recovery of the patients’ structural and functional stereotypes in majority of the cases. Purpose Improve outcomes of surgical treatment of middle-third clavicle fractures.
Material and methods
Experimental bench tests of various osteosynthesis technologies using original interlocking intramedullary nail for clavicle fracture and a clinical study of 104 patients with middle-third clavicle fractures were carried out. Original IM nail was applied to repair clavicle fracture in index group (n = 48) and the fractures were plated in control group (n = 56). The DASH questionnaire was used to evaluate results of surgical intervention at 3, 6 and 12 months.
Results
Original IM nail and plate with angular stability showed comparable characteristics in stability. Original compression interlocking intramedullary nail offered to treat middle-third clavicle fractures showed improvements in outcomes of the patients.
Discussion
The algorithm developed for diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of clavicle fractures showed better results of treatment providing easier social reintegration into everyday life. Clinical findings demonstrated significantly improved DASH scores and lower complications rate in index group (p = 0.038).

Keywords


clavicle, middle third, fracture, osteosynthesis, bench test, intramedullary nail, plate

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