The role of the transosseous osteosynthesis according to G.A. Ilizarov in the hand surgery

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Abstract


The work deals with the main fields of using the controlled transosseous osteosynthesis according to G.A. Ilizarov in the hand surgery. The Ilizarov method has been shown to play a principal role in the variety of specialized medical care for patients with injuries and orthopaedic diseases of the hand. The use of the principle of stable fixation of bone fragments, as well as the use different variants of compression and distraction osteosynthesis allows to solve the problems of syndactyly, shortenings, deformities and defects of the hand bones for congenital and acquired pathology successfully. The rational combination of the Ilizarov method with microsurgical technologies significantly increases the potentials of reconstructive-and-restorative surgery of the hand in case of its severe injuries, including multiple injuries of tendons, neurovascular bundles, abjunctions and extensive defects of soft tissues.

Keywords


surgery of the hand, fractures, transosseous osteosynthesis, microsurgery

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